Srikalahasti is a holy town and a municipality in the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is located on the banks of the river Swarnamukhi. It is also informally and wrongly referred to as Kalahasti. Recently,it has been included in the TUDA (Tirupati Urban Development Authority) region.
This is the only Hindu temple opened in the times of Solar Eclipses and Lunar Eclipses in the whole world. It is one of the important ancient Shiva Kshetras (Shiva Temples) of Southern India. The Srikalahasti Temple occupies the area between the river bank and the foot of the hills and is popularly known as Dakshina Kailasam. The three loftyGopurams of the temple are remarkable for their architecture. This temple was originally built during Pallava period and current structures are built by Chola king Kulothunga Cholan I, II and III during the 11th century. A huge hundred pillared mantapam was built by Krishnadevarayar during the 16th century, which is another important feature of this shrine.
It is one of the ancient temples included in the Saiva pilgrimages and is fairly close to the famous hill temple of Lord Venkateshwara at Tirupati, one of the richest and famous temple cities in the world. It is also the origin of the popular textile painting art called kalamkari.
The 500-year-old ‘Rajagopuram’ or main gate of Srikalahasti Temple in Andhra Pradesh’s Chittoor District collapsed on 26 May 2010. Srikalahasti is popularly known as “Dakshina Kaashi”.