Welcome to Madanapalle Page
The original name of this town was Maryaada raamanna puram which changed to “Madanapalle”. It is one of the biggest Revenue Divisions of the Chittoor district.
The history of Madanapalle was dates back to 907 AD in the reign of Chola Kingdom. Earlier, the town was located to west of Sri Yogabhogeswara Swami Temple. Upon vastu sastra corrections, Palegar Sriman Ahobilanayani thought to change the place of town. They left the cow to gaze the grass. The cow started gazing the grass along the forest and stopped at a particular place. That was the place decided for initiation of construction of new town. Ahobilanayani varu constructed fort around the town. Later on it destroyed with the age. The present streets in Madanapalle like Kota Street, Agarthala street, Sepoy street are the reminiscences of previous establishments.
Rabindranath Tagore translated “Jana Gana Mana” from Bengali to English and also set it to music in Madanapalle. The National Anthem was written by Rabindranath Tagore as early as in 1911 and was sung at the annual session of the Indian National Congress at Calcutta on December 27 that year. But it was actually done in Besant Theosophical College, Madanapalle, where Tagore stayed for few days in February 1919 that the now familiar tune was set. It was Margaret Cousins, wife of educationist, Dr. James Henry Cousins, who composed the tune for ‘Janaganamana.’ Dr. Cousins was then the Principal of the Madanapalle College that was established by Dr. Annie Besant.
Madanapalle has pleasantly mild, to warm summers with average high temperatures of 30 to 35 degrees Celsius (86 F to 95 F). Temperatures do not exceed 40 degrees celsius (104 F)and winters are cold with temperatures between 7 to 15 degrees Celsius ( 44.6 F to 59 F). Usually summer lasts from March to June, with the advent of rainy season in June, followed by winter which lasts till the end of February.
Madanapalle is a cosmopolitan center, with different religions mixing together in an interesting display of diversity. In this place, major religious groups such as Hindus, Christians and Muslims live together in relative harmony. There are several important religious spots in the town such as the Sri Lord Venkateswara Temple, the Swamy Ayyappa Temple, the Saptha Kanyakalu Temple and the Sri Anjaneya Temple. The Shiridi Saibaba Temple, one of the oldest temples of Saibaba in India, is also located at Madanapalle. Churches include the Arogyamatha Church, the Indiranagar Masjid and Chamberlain Church and the CSI Church. Culture-wise, the town is a center of vernacular diversity. The literary languages being used are Telugu and Urdu, with many organizations serving as literary fields to the two. The major ones include the Anjuman Taraqui Urdu and the Telugu Poet’s Association.
As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 135,669. The total population constitute, 67,432 males, 68,237 females and 13,448 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 81.40% with 99,486 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.
Madanapalle is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh and the constituency number is 283.
The economy is based on agriculture and main products include tomato, mango, groundnut, tamarind and silk saris. Madanapalle is famous for agricultural products such as tomato, mango, groundnut, tamarind etc., Mainly the Tomato market in Madanapalle is the biggest tomato market in Andhra Pradesh. The tomatoes from here are supplied to the most of the southern states & some of the northern states in India.
It is also famous for silk and silk products like saris and other casuals. The quality of silk product is recognizable. You can get silk sarees here at production cost. These are supplied to all major cities in South India including Bangalore, Chennai and all silk product towns for sales. Madanapalle surroundings have enormous reserves of granite.
The narrow road to Horsely Hills is very scenic. It is surrounded throughout its entire length with dense growths of eucalyptus, jacaranda, allamanda and gulmohar trees. The major tourist places around Horsely hills are Lake Gangotri, Highview seeing place, Gaalibanda, Environmental park and the Horsley Hills Museum.
Horsley Hills is also one of the few places to offer Zorbing in India. But it requires a prior reservation a day before and is normally offered on a group package of minimum 20. Other adventure sports conducted are Rapelling and Trekking.
The Environmental park known as EEC Centre was built with the help of a hydrogeologist and environmentalist fromHyderabad named Balijepalli Venkata Subba Rao, Director of the Centre For Resource Education. He spent the early years of his career in building EEC centres all over Andhra Pradesh trying to educate the common man about the importance of saving the environment and encouraging Eco Tourism.It is also called as Poor man’s OOTY.
Madanapalle is very well connected by road and rail. There are three Bus terminals in Madanapalle. State owned APSRTCbuses run to different parts of the district and state. Madanapalle Road (CTM Railway station) is situated on the Tirupati – Guntakal BG line. It has trains to Guntakal & Secunderabad.
Madanapalle is the place of oldest educational institutions like Besant Theosophical College, Rishi Valley School, Besant Theosophical College is one of the oldest colleges in the Rayalaseema Region of Andhra Pradesh. It was established much before Sri Venkateswara University was established. The college started on 19 July 1915. Initially it was affiliated to Madras University. In 1917 when Dr. Annie Besant led the agitation for “Home Rule”, this institution, which became a centre of nationalist activities, was obliged to dissociate itself from the Madras University and became part of the newly organizedNational University. Dr. Rabindranath Tagore was the chancellor of the university.
During the visit of Tagore, “The Scout Movement” and “All India Women Association” were inaugurated at Madanapalle. In the year 1923, the college was re-affiliated to Madras University and continued for almost 30 years. After the separation of Andhra State and Madras State, the college was initially affiliated to Andhra University (1954–1956) and then to Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati.
Jain Group of Institutions, Bangalore has started Jain Heritage School at bangalore road in madanapalle famous for its practical learning methods and school facilities
Rishi Valley School is an Indian boarding school, founded by the philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti The school is reputed for its holistic approach to education in the spirit of Krishnamurti’s pedagogical vision. Community service and extracurricular activities constitute an integral part of a student’s schooling, as do active discussions and debates in classrooms, assemblies and club meetings. EducationWorld ranks the boarding school among the best in India. Varun Gandhi (son of sanjay gandhi) studied in Rishi Valley.
There are Four engineering Colleges in Madanapalle. They are Madanapalle Institute of Technology and Science(MITS), Sir Vishveshwaraiah Institute of Science & Technology(SVTM), Golden valley Integrated Campus(GVIC), Aditya College of Engineering.