Madabhushi Ananthasayanam Ayyangar (February 4, 1891 – March 19, 1978) was the first Deputy Speaker and then Speaker of Lok Sabha in the Indian Parliament. He was Governor of Bihar also.
He was born in Thiruchanoor, Chittoor district of Madras Presidency.
He was teacher in Mathematics and later became a lawyer between 1915 -1950. Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi he participated actively in Indian Freedom Struggle and was jailed twice.
He was elected as member of Central Legislative Assembly in 1934. He was elected to the first Lok Sabha from Tirupathi and to the second Lok Sabha from Chittoor constituencies in 1952 and 1956 respectively.
He was elected in 1948 as Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha with Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar as the Speaker. Later in 1956 he was elected as Speaker of Lok Sabha. He worked as Governor of Bihar between 1962 and 1967.
A life size bronze statue of this celebrated statesman was erected at his hometown Tirupathi in 2007