Kodanda Ramesvarasvamy temple, Bokkisampalem

Bokkisampalem is situated at a distance of 2 km. away from Tondamanadu in Sri Kalahasti taluk. The village contains a temple dedicated to Siva under the name Kondandaramesvara alias Adityesvara. An inscription dated in the   34 year (A.D.940-41) of the region of Parantaka I (engraved on the base of central shrine) refers to the temple as a sepulchral shrine (Pallipadai) and registers an endowment of gold in the name of Vagisvara Pandita Bhatara5. Another inscription dated in the same year records a gift of gold for feeding 1000 Brahmins on certain festive occasion and mentions the temple of Kondandarama alias Adityesvara6.

The temple is surrounded by a prakara pierced with a gopura on the east. The east oriented temple on plan consists of garbhagriha, an antarala and a narrow porch. In front of the temple nandimandapa, balipitha and dhvajastamba are located. Inside the compound there are two small Siva shrines, one in south and the other in the north of the main shrine. There is also a separate shrine for the goddess to the north of the central shrine.images

The mixed usage of padabandha and pratibandha is seen in the garbhagriha  section, while the antarala and the porch of the main shrine have padabandha type of adhisthana. On the vari and kantha of the adhisthana part just below the niche is carved a yali frieze which is not continued on either side. The four animals on this frieze are depicted with the central pair facing opposite directions and the corner ones facing front. Below the frieze occurs the projecting vritta-kumuda with patterns of lotus and stripes drawn on them. On eitherside we find the tripatta kumuda. In the north pranala in the form of a makara with gaping jaws is set at the kantha level.

Above the adhisthana rises the kudya. Each of the outerside of the walls of the garbhagriha and antarala has a kostha in the centre with a deity image. In the devakosthas the images of Ganapati and Dakshinamurti in the southern wall, Vishnu on the west wall, Brahma and Durga on the north wall are housed. The walls are plain and the devakasthas  are of slit type without framing pilasters. However, a simple kapota moulding tops the devakoshta  and affords shade to it. The body of the temple upto the roof is built of granite stone, while the superstructure, except the sikhara is of brick and mortar.

The vimana  is of ekatala type adorned with the kuta, panjara, sala, panjara and kuta series. Above the tala is a kapota decorated with simhalalatas. Above the kapota and below the base of the griva is  set with projections correspondingly below the devakasthas. Above this step, the abacus has nandi in the corners. On each of the four sides, the four sided griva has a projecting kostha with a deity figure in the centre. These griva-kastas are surmounted by simhalalatas.  The sikhara is also four sided and belongs to nagara order. On its top are a beautiful chamfered border and a double lotus with a kalasa in the centre.

Inside the garbhagriha is a black granite Linga on a high vedi. In front of the main shrine is a narrow porch with Chola capitals protruding from the top of the walls on eitherside of the entrance. Nandi mandapa contains four pillars with a nandi in the center. The corbels of the pillars are cut at 45o leaving a central segment of the vertical section. Devi shrine has an antarala and garbhagriha and faces the east. The slit type of niches on the outerwalls are empty. There is no superstructure over the garbhagriha which houses two armed standing stone image of Devi. Loose sculptures of Chandesvara, Somaskandamurti and Parvati are found in the temple.

The Adityesvara temple is said to be a pallipadai built in honour of Chola king Aditya I by his son Parantaka I in or before A.D.940-41. The shrine for Devi seems to have been built some time during the 12th century A.D.