Chittoor District Cultural Profile

Tirupathi Gangamma Jatara is celebrated in the district. The festival is celebrated about the killing of a vassal by the Gangamma. In Tirupati, the festival is celebrated in a grand scale.

Kanuma festival during Sankranti is celebrated in a grand scale with bulls decorated and paraded in the streets and also in some parts the bulls are chased.

Tirumala Sri Venkateswara Temple on Seven Hills at Tirumala is a world famous temple.

Ramzan, Bakrid and Christmas are also observed as celebrated festivals throughout the district. Unity in diversified culture is seen in the district.

Makar Sankranti: Marks the transition of the Sun into Makara rashi (Capricorn) on its celestial path, and the six-month Uttarayana period. The traditional Indian calendar is based on lunar positions, Sankranti is a solar event. The date of Makar Sankranti remains constant over a long term, 14 January.

Maha Vishuva Sankranti: Also known as Mesha Sankranti and Pana Sankranti, is celebrated as the Oriya New Year and is marked as the end of a Bengali year. The day marks the beginning of the New Year in the traditional Hindu Solar Calendar. On this day, the sun enters the sidereal Aries, or Mesha rashi. It generally falls on 14/15 April. This day is also celebrated as Vaisakhi in large parts of India, as a day of new beginnings (New Year). It also marks the foundation of the Khalsa Panth.

Dhanu Sankranti: celebrated on the first day of lunar Pausha month. In Southern Bhutan and Nepal it is celebrated by eating wild potatoes (tarul)

Karka Sankranti : July 16, marks the transition of the Sun into Karka rashi (Cancer). This also marks the end of the six-month Uttarayana period of Hindu calendar, and the beginning of Dakshinayana, which itself end at Makar Sankranti.

Tirumala Venkateswara Temple

Tirumala Venkateswara Temple is a famous Vedic temple in the hill town of Tirumala, near Tirupati in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. It is around 600 km (370 mi)from Hyderabad, 138 km (86 mi)[3] from Chennai and 291 km (181 mi) from Bangalore.

The Tirumala Hill is 853m above sea level and is about 10.33 square miles (27 km2) in area. It comprises seven peaks, representing the seven heads of Adisesha, thus earning the name Seshachalam. The seven peaks are called Seshadri, Neeladri, Garudadri, Anjanadri, Vrushabhadri, Narayanadri and Venkatadri. The temple is on Venkatadri (also known as Venkatachala or Venkata Hill), the seventh peak, and is also known as the “Temple of Seven Hills”. The presiding deity of the temple is Lord Venkateswara, an incarnation of lord Vishnu. Venkateswara is known by other names: Balaji, Govinda, and Srinivasa. The temple lies on the southern banks of Sri Swami Pushkarini, a holy water tank. The temple complex comprises a traditional temple building, with a number of modern queue and pilgrim lodging sites.

The temple is the richest pilgrimage centre, after the Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, of any faith (at more than INR 500 billion) and the most-visited place of worship in the world.[8][9][10] The temple is visited by about 50,000 to 100,000 pilgrims daily (30 to 40 million people annually on average), while on special occasions and festivals, like the annual Brahmotsavam, the number of pilgrims shoots up to 500,000, making it the most-visited holy place in the world.

There are several legends associated with the manifestation of the Lord in Tirumala. According to one legend, the temple has a murti (deity) of Lord Venkateswara, which it is believed shall remain here for the entire duration of the present Kali Yuga.